Quick Answer: What Doctor Studies Infectious Diseases?

What is the study of infectious diseases called?

Virus Transmission and Epidemiology Infectious disease epidemiology (which includes the epidemiology of viruses) is the study of the complex relationships among hosts and infectious agents.

Epidemiologists are interested in virus spread or transmission, with or without disease..

Who studies infectious?

Epidemiologists are scientists who study diseases within populations of people. In essence, these public health professionals analyze what causes disease outbreaks in order to treat existing diseases and prevent future outbreaks.

What are the 3 major types of epidemiologic studies?

Three major types of epidemiologic studies are cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies (study designs are discussed in more detail in IOM, 2000). A cohort, or longitudinal, study follows a defined group over time.

Do epidemiologists go to medical school?

Epidemiologists need at least a master’s degree from an accredited college or university. Most epidemiologists have a master’s degree in public health (MPH) or a related field, and some have completed a doctoral degree in epidemiology or medicine.

What are the four major types of germs?

The four major types of germs are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoa. They can invade plants, animals, and people, and sometimes they can make us sick. Bacteria (say: BAK-teer-ee-uh) are tiny, one-celled creatures that get nutrients from their environments in order to live.

What is the most common infectious disease in humans?

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

What viruses are contagious?

Common examples of contagious viral diseases include the flu, the common cold, HIV, and herpes. Other types of viral diseases spread through other means, such as the bite of an infected insect.

Is a virologist a medical doctor?

Virologists may be medical doctors or researchers. Some are engaged in direct patient care, working alongside other health care professionals to treat those with persistent viral infections.

What are the 5 main objectives of epidemiology?

In the mid-1980s, five major tasks of epidemiology in public health practice were identified: public health surveillance, field investigation, analytic studies, evaluation, and linkages.

What does infectious disease doctor look for?

Infectious disease doctors test your blood or other body fluids to look for specific antibodies — cells produced by our immune system to fight harmful foreign substances. These tests can indicate what kind of infection is present. For bacterial infections, treatment usually involves antibiotics.

What kind of doctor specializes in viruses?

Infectious disease medicine is a subspecialty of internal medicine. Infectious disease medicine doctors specialize in preventing, diagnosing and treating infectious diseases caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They also have extensive knowledge in immunology, epidemiology, and infection control.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

There are different types of pathogens, but we’re going to focus on the four most common types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites.

What are the examples of infectious diseases?

Protect yourself and your family from preventable infectious diseasesCoronaviruses. … Diphtheria. … Ebola. … Flu (Influenza) … Hepatitis. … Hib Disease. … HIV/AIDS. … HPV (Human Papillomavirus)More items…

What are the 5 major types of infectious agents?

There are five major types of infectious agents: bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths. In addition, a new class of infectious agents, the prions, has recently been recognized.

What are the 7 pathogens?

Infectious diseases are caused by pathogens, which include bacteria, fungi, protozoa, worms, viruses, and even infectious proteins called prions.

What are the 10 most common diseases?

Heart disease. Share on Pinterest Many of the top 10 causes of death are preventable through lifestyle changes and regular checkups. … Cancer. Deaths in 2017: 599,108. … Unintentional injuries. … Chronic lower respiratory disease. … Stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. … Alzheimer’s disease. … Diabetes. … Influenza and pneumonia.More items…

What is an infectious disease specialist called?

Specialist. Infectious disease specialist, Infectiologist, Infectionist. Glossary. Glossary of medicine. Infectious diseases, also known as infectiology, is a medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of complex infections.

How long does it take to become a infectious disease doctor?

Training. Training in infectious disease medicine is two years following completion of a basic three year internal medicine residency. Board certification is offered following completion of an infectious diseases fellowship through the American Board of Internal Medicine.

What is the infectious disease?

Infectious diseases are disorders caused by organisms — such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies. They’re normally harmless or even helpful. But under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease. Some infectious diseases can be passed from person to person.

What are 5 diseases caused by viruses?

Viral diseasessmallpox.the common cold and different types of flu.measles, mumps, rubella, chicken pox, and shingles.hepatitis.herpes and cold sores.polio.rabies.Ebola and Hanta fever.More items…

Is Virologist a doctor?

Virologists are medical doctors that oversee the diagnosis, management and prevention of infection. They’re also scientists, who may drive research on various aspects of viruses. A virologist may be both a scientist and a physician.