Question: What Is Smart Growth Quizlet?

What does smart growth mean?

Smart growth is an approach to development that encourages a mix of building types and uses, diverse housing and transportation options, development within existing neighborhoods, and community engagement..

What are the 10 principles of smart growth?

10 principles of smart growthMix land uses. … Take advantage of compact building design. … Create a range of housing opportunities and choices. … Create walkable neighborhoods. … Foster distinct communities with a strong sense of place. … Preserve open space. … Direct development toward existing communities. … Provide a variety of transportation choices.More items…

When did smart growth start?

1990sSMART GROWTH MOVEMENT The movement emerged in the mid-1990s, as several large institutional actors in urban development began to promote an alternative growth paradigm they came to call Smart Growth.

How are some people trying to prevent or slow sprawl describe some key elements of smart growth what effects positive and negative do urban growth boundaries tend to have?

People are using urban growth boundaries(UGB) to try to stop/slow sprawl. Smart growth uses zoning and UGBs to try to build sustainable cities. UGB positives include the protection of natural land and negatives include more population within a city and a higher ecological footprint.

Which is an example of smart growth?

The Ballston neighborhood of Arlington, Virginia is a transit-oriented development zone, one example of the smart growth concept.

Why is smart growth important?

Development guided by smart growth principles can minimize air and water pollution, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, encourage cleanup and reuse of contaminated properties, and preserve natural lands.

Why is Smart Growth bad?

It examines various criticisms of Smart Growth including the claims that it harms consumers, infringes on freedom, increases traffic congestion and air pollution, reduces housing affordability, causes social problems, increases public service costs, requires wasteful transit subsidies and is unjustified.

What is the difference between smart growth and new urbanism?

Whereas New Urbanism emphasizes more on the function and ethics of the construction environment, Smart Growth focuses more on planning. … Smart Growth is an urban planning and transportation approach that concentrates growth in compact walkable urban centers to avoid sprawl.

What often occurs when urban areas grow rapidly?

Urbanisation is an increase in the number of people living in towns and cities. … Rapid urbanisation often means that peri-urban areas immediately around a city grow more rapidly than urban centres and this can lead to development of slums.

What are smart growth tools?

General Smart Growth Tools The Smart School Siting Tool – Helps communities align school site selection with planning policies and capital investments and compare school siting alternatives.

What is urban sprawl?

Urban sprawl, also called sprawl or suburban sprawl, the rapid expansion of the geographic extent of cities and towns, often characterized by low-density residential housing, single-use zoning, and increased reliance on the private automobile for transportation. …

What is a New Urbanist community?

New Urbanism is an urban design movement which promotes environmentally friendly habits by creating walkable neighborhoods containing a wide range of housing and job types.

What is the goal of new urbanism?

New urbanism is an urban design movement that became very popular beginning in the 1980s and is still rapidly growing in influence. The goal of new urbanists is to reform all aspects of real estate development and urban planning. These include everything from permaculture to suburban infill.

What is the key to smart growth?

Walkable communities that are desirable places to live, work, learn, worship and play are a key component of smart growth. Their desirability comes from two factors. First, goods (such as housing, offices, and retail) and services (such as transportation, schools, libraries) are located within an easy and safe walk.

How does living in a smart growth city promote health?

Compact land use patterns with high-quality pedestrian environments and a mix of land uses can improve public health by promoting active forms of transportation, reducing per capita air pollution and associated respiratory ailments, and lowering the risk of car related accidents.